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Alexander I

  • Alexander I's reign is often associated with the Napoleonic Wars and the Congress of Vienna.
  • Alexander's alliances with Western European powers and his participation in the Congress of Vienna helped modernize Russia and make it more like Western Europe.
    • Alexander established a new legal code, encouraged education and the arts, and reformed the military.
  • Alexander's policies of Westernization were detrimental to Russia's unique cultural identity.
    • His policies often favored the nobility over the peasantry, which led to social inequality.
    • His policies of censorship and suppression of dissenting voices undermined the development of Russian culture and society.

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