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Super App and Democracy

Is the centralization of data anti-democratic?

Buying Twitter is an accelerant to creating X, the everything app

Why an everything app is a bad news for liberal democracies and free marketsโ€‹

  • Many technology entrepreneurs dream of an "Everything App", a smartphone application that will deliver everything to everyone on the planet.
  • Elon Musk has become the latest investor to declare an ambition to build such a super-app wanting to emulate the success of WeChat, a Chinese super-app.
  • The Everything app presents massive risks to personal, economic, and political freedom.
  • As John Gruber of Daring Fireball says, "It's no coincidence at all that WeChat is the only "everything app" anyone can cite, and it comes from China, an authoritarian regime.
  • It doesn't benefit users that WeChat dominates all aspects of digital lifeโ€‰. It helps the authoritarian Chinese Communist Party.
  • The user is socially locked into a 'private' company for performing any or all socio-economic functions.
  • Public policy must act to prevent firms and apps from acquiring socioeconomic dominance in the first place
    • Nurture a competitive market.
    • Promote open public digital infrastructure with interoperability.
  • At a deeper level, Musk's desire to emulate the Chinese model alerts us to the danger of the interests of Big Tech increasingly diverging from those of liberal democracies.
  • Preserving our freedom may indeed be their most important corporate social responsibility.

Why don't developed countries have resident registration cards and resident registration numbers?โ€‹

Interesting Comment:

์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ๋Š” ์˜ค๋žœ ๊ธฐ๊ฐ„ ์ค‘๊ตญํ˜• ์ค‘์•™์ง‘๊ถŒ ํ†ต์ œ ์†์—์„œ ์‚ด์•„์™”๊ธฐ์—, ๊ถŒ๋ ฅ์— ์˜ํ•œ ํ†ต์ œ๊ฐ€ ๋งค์šฐ ์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ์ž๋ฆฌ์žก์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์—ˆ์ฃ . ์ง€๊ธˆ G7์ด๋ผ๋Š” ์„ ์ง„๊ตญ์„ ๋ด๋„ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ๋งŒํผ ๊ฐ•๋ ฅํ•œ ์ค‘์•™์ •๋ถ€ ์ง‘์› ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋Š” ์—†์ฃ . ์„ค๋ น ์—ฐ๋ฐฉ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹Œ ์ผ๋ณธ์กฐ์ฐจ๋„ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์˜ ์‚ถ์— ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํฐ ์˜ํ–ฅ์„ ๋ผ์น˜๋Š” ๊ฑด ์ •์น˜์  ์ˆ˜์žฅ์ธ ์ด๋ฆฌ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋„๋„๋ถ€ํ˜„ ์ง€์‚ฌ๋“ค์˜ ๊ถŒํ•œ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. (์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜ ๊ธด๊ธ‰์‚ฌํƒœ๋ฐœ๋ น๋„ ์„ ์–ธ๊ถŒํ•œ์€ ์ด๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ์žˆ์œผ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ ์ง€์‚ฌ๋“ค์˜ ์š”์ฒญ์ด ์žˆ์„ ๋•Œ์—๋งŒ ๋ฐœ๋™ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ด ๋Œ€ํ‘œ์ ์ธ ์˜ˆ์‹œ) ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฐ•ํ•œ ์ค‘์•™์ •๋ถ€ํ˜• ๊ตญ๊ฐ€์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ณตํ†ต ๊ฐ€์น˜ ๊ธฐ์ค€์ด ๋งค์šฐ ์ค‘์š”์‹œ ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์ง‘๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹ค์–‘์„ฑ๋ณด๋‹ค ์šฐ์›”์„ฑ์ด ์ค‘์‹œ๋˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด์ฃ . ๋ฏผ์กฑ์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ์ •์น˜์  ํ™”๋‘์— ์˜ค๋ฅด์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑด ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ๋ฏผ์กฑ์ฃผ์˜๊ฐ€ ํŒจ๋Ÿฌ๋‹ค์ž„์ด ๋˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์•„๋‹Œ ๋ชจ๋‘๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ–์ถ”๊ณ  ์žˆ์–ด์•ผ ํ•  ๊ธฐ๋ณธ ์†Œ์–‘์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ด์ฃ . ์ •๋ถ€ ์ฃผ๋„์˜ ์ „๊ตญ๋ฏผ์  ๋™์ผ ์—ญ์‚ฌ๊ด€ ๊ตฌ์ถ•์— ์•„๋ฌด๋„ ์˜์‹ฌํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๊ฑด ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์ด ๊ณตํ†ต ๊ฐ€์น˜ ๊ธฐ์ค€์ด๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ์„ ์˜ณ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜๊ณ  ๋ฒ•์ œํ™”์— ๋‚˜์„œ์ง€๋งŒ, ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์„ ์ง„๊ตญ๋“ค์—์„œ๋Š” ์ƒ์ƒ๋„ ๋ชปํ•  ๋…ธ๋ฆ‡์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ๋Š” ๊ตญ๋ฏผ ์‚ฌํšŒ, ํƒ€ ์„ ์ง„๊ตญ๋“ค์€ ์‹œ๋ฏผ ์‚ฌํšŒ ๊ตฌ์กฐ ์†์—์„œ ๋ฐœ์ „ํ•ด ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฌด์—‡์ด ์˜ณ์€์ง€ ๋ฌด์—‡์ด ๊ทธ๋ฅธ์ง€๋Š” ์•„๋ฌด๋„ ์•Œ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ์ € ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ก ์ผ ๋ฟ์ด์ฃ . ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์„ ํ†ต์ œํ•˜๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ˜๋“œ์‹œ ์•…์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฒ•์€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜๋Š” ํ†ต์ œ ๊ธฐ์ค€๋งŒ ์ž˜ ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์€ ๊ทธ ์•ˆ์—์„œ ์ƒ์กด๊ถŒ์„ ์†์‰ฝ๊ฒŒ ๋ณด์žฅ ๋ฐ›์ง€๋งŒ, ์‹œ๋ฏผ ์‚ฌํšŒ์—์„œ๋Š” ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๊ฐ€ ํ†ต์ œ ๊ธฐ์ค€์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๊ตญ๋ฏผ์ด ์•Œ์•„์„œ ๋ณธ์ธ์˜ ๊ถŒ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ์ฃผ์žฅํ•ด์•ผ ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋Š” ์ž์œ ๋ฅผ ์œ„์‹œํ•œ ํ•˜์ด ๋ฆฌ์Šคํฌ ํ•˜์ด ๋ฆฌํ„ด์‹ ์‚ฌํšŒ, ์˜๊ตญ์€ ์ตœ์†Œํ•œ์˜ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ๊ถŒ์„ ์ œ๋„ํ™”ํ•œ ํ›„ ํ†ต์ œ ๊ธฐ์ค€์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ, ๋…์ผ์€ ํ†ต์ œ ๊ธฐ์ค€์˜ ํ‹€์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์ง€์—ญ๋ณ„๋กœ ์–ด๋ ˆ์ธ์ง€ํ•˜์—ฌ ์„œ๋กœ ๋‹ซ๋ ค์žˆ๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ, ์ผ๋ณธ์€ ์‹œ๋ฏผ๊ถŒ์„ ํ•ด์น˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ์•„์Šฌ์•„์Šฌํ•œ ์„ ์—์„œ ํ†ต์ œ ๊ธฐ์ค€์„ ์ •๊ตํ™”ํ•˜์—ฌ ์ด๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๊พธ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์— ์—„์ฒญ๋‚œ ๋ถ€ํ•˜๊ฐ€ ๊ฑธ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์‚ฌํšŒ...๊ฐ ์‚ฌํšŒ ๊ตฌ์กฐ์˜ ์žฅ๋‹จ์ ์„ ๋‚˜์—ดํ•ด ๋ณด๋ฉด, ๋ฌด์—‡ ํ•˜๋‚˜ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์—์„œ๋Š” ์šฉ๋‚ฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ํž˜๋“  ์‚ฌํšŒ ํ˜•ํƒœ์ฃ ._ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ๊ทœ๋ฒ”์„ ์„ ์œผ๋กœ ์‚ผ๊ณ  ๊ทธ ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋ฅผ ์•…์œผ๋กœ ์‚ผ์•„ ํŠน์œ ์˜ ๋„๋•๊ด€์„ ๊ธฐ์ค€์œผ๋กœ ํ•˜์—ฌ ๊ณต๋ฆฌ์ ์ธ ์‚ฌํšŒ ์šด์˜์„ ์ ˆ๋Œ€ ๋‹ค์ˆ˜์˜ ํ–‰๋ณต์„ ์œ„ํ•œ ์†Œ์ˆ˜์˜ ํฌ์ƒ์„ ๋‹น์—ฐํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์œผ๋กœ ์—ฌ๊ฒจ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ ์ „์Ÿ์˜ ๊ตฌ๋ ํ……์ด์—์„œ ๊ธฐ์–ด์˜ฌ๋ผ์™€ ์ง€๊ธˆ์˜ ์œ„์ƒ์„ ์–ป๊ฒŒ ๋˜์—ˆ์œผ๋‚˜, ์†Œ์ˆ˜์˜ ํฌ์ƒ์ด ์Œ“์ด๊ณ  ์Œ“์—ฌ ์•ฝ์ž๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์ˆ˜๊ฐ€ ๋œ ์ด ์‹œ์ ์—์„œ๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์ตœ์ € ์ˆ˜์ค€์˜ ์ถœ์‚ฐ์œจ์„ ์—ฐ๋…„ ๊ธฐ๋กํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์‚ฌํšŒ ๊ตฌ์กฐ์˜ ์˜ณ๊ณ  ๊ทธ๋ฆ„์—๋Š” ๋‹ต์ด ์—†์ง€๋งŒ, ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•œ ๊ฐ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์ด ์ˆ˜๋งŽ์€ ์˜ค๋‹ต๋“ค์„ ์ œ์‹œํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋Š” ์ด๊ฒƒ์—์„œ ๋ฌด์—‡์„ ๋ฐฐ์›Œ์•ผ ํ• ๊นŒ์š”?