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Peter the Great

  • Peter the Great is credited with modernizing Russia and transforming it into a European power, often associated with Westernization.
  • Peter's Westernizing tendencies were crucial to Russia's development and progress.
    • He established the first Russian navy, reformed the military, introduced new industries, and implemented new laws and regulations.
  • Peter's policies undermined Russia's unique cultural heritage and traditions.
    • He enforced strict dress codes and banned the traditional long beards, which many Russians saw as a symbol of their identity.
    • His policies led to the peasantry's exploitation and the nobility's growth, which resulted in social inequality.