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Providing DOM API to Worker Threads

Objective​

Start​

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<title>Document</title>
<script>
const myWorker = new Worker('worker.js')
myWorker.onmessage = function (e) {
console.log(`Worker said : ${e.data}`)
}
function msg() {
myWorker.postMessage('MAIN')
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Hello</h1>
<button id="btn" onclick="msg()">Communicate with worker</button>
</body>
</html>
postMessage('Worker is ready!')

onmessage = function (e) {
console.log('WORKER.onMessage:', e.data)
postMessage(`I am a worker. Hello, ${e.data}.`)
}

The type of e is MessageEvent. MessageEvent - Web APIs.

Synchronous Call from Main​

To enable SharedArrayBuffer, we need a secure context crossOriginIsolated.

![By default, `crossOriginIsolated` is false.](Pasted image 20220728154049.png)

By default, `crossOriginIsolated` is false.

To set crossOriginIsolated to true, we need two headers.

Tim already built a super easy toolkit that sets both headers to the desired values. Then we only need to

D351D6.png

This is so cool.

84C1D5.png

2968C0.png

Save Point 1​

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<title>Document</title>
<script>
console.log('crossOriginIsolated', crossOriginIsolated)

// defining SAB and sending it to the worker
const sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024)
const int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
const myWorker = new Worker('worker.js')

function syncSab() {
myWorker.postMessage({
type: 'init',
sab: sab,
})
}

myWorker.onmessage = function (e) {
console.log(`Worker said : ${e.data}`)
}

function increment() {
// ↓ Same as int32[0]++, but Thread Safe
Atomics.add(int32, 0, 1)
Atomics.notify(int32, 0)
}

function freeze() {
// Sets [0] to 0.
// the heartbeat function waits if [0] is 0.
Atomics.store(int32, 0, 0)
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<h1>RPC Demo</h1>
<button id="syncSab" onclick="syncSab()">Send SAB to Worker</button>
<button id="increment" onclick="increment()">Increment</button>
<button id="freeze" onclick="freeze()">Freeze</button>
</body>
</html>
postMessage('Worker is ready!')

let sab = undefined
let int32 = undefined

onmessage = function (e) {
console.log('WORKER.onMessage:', e.data)
if (e.data?.type === 'init') {
sab = e.data.sab
int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
console.log('Received SAB')
Atomics.wait(int32, 0, 0)
heartbeat()
}
postMessage(`I am a worker. Hello, ${JSON.stringify(e.data)}.`)
}

function heartbeat() {
setInterval(() => {
Atomics.wait(int32, 0, 0) // doesn't beat if [0] is 0
console.log('WORKER.heartbeat:', Atomics.load(int32, 0))
Atomics.add(int32, 0, 1)
}, 1000)
}
  • Sends SAB when clicking the Send SAB to Worker button.
    • [0] is set to zero, so the heartbeat function waits.
  • If Increment button is clicked, SAB [0] is no longer 0.
    • We then notify any function waiting at [0].
  • heart starts beating, incrementing SAB [0].

DDD712.png

Remote Procedure Call​

  • See Remote procedure call - Wikipedia
  • RPC is a request-response protocol. An RPC is initiated by the client, which sends a request message to a known remote server to execute a specified procedure with supplied parameters. The remote server sends a response to the client, and the application continues its process. While the server is processing the call, the client is blocked (it waits until the server has finished processing before resuming execution) unless the client sends an asynchronous request to the server, such as an XMLHttpRequest.

Note that

  • main only notify().
  • main never wait().
  • worker will yield to wait().

Complete​

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Voila! I have created a synchronous polyfill layer for window.prompt and window.innerHeight functions inside a worker.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8" />
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge" />
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
<script src="./status.js"></script>
<title>Worker RPC/title>
<script>
console.log('crossOriginIsolated', crossOriginIsolated)
const Status = {
UNINITIALISED: 0,
READY: 1,
COMPLETED: 2,
ERROR: 3,
}
const worker = new Worker('worker.js')
worker.onmessage = function (e) {
const message = e.data
if (message?.func === 'prompt') {
const sab = message?.sharedArrayBuffer
const int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
const ans = prompt(message?.msg)
if (ans) {
const enc = new TextEncoder()
const buf = enc.encode(ans)
int32.set(buf, 0)
Atomics.notify(int32, 0, 1)
}
} else if (message?.func === 'windowInnerWidth') {
const sab = message?.sharedArrayBuffer
const int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
int32.set([window.innerWidth], 0)
Atomics.notify(int32, 0, 1)
}
}
</script>
</head>
<body>
<h1>Worker RPC Demo</h1>
<button onclick="console.log('hello')">Console Log</button>
<button onclick="console.log('main thread:', window.innerWidth)">
Console Log Window Inner Width
</button>
</body>
</html>
const Status = {
UNINITIALISED: 0,
READY: 1,
COMPLETED: 2,
ERROR: 3,
}

function sleep(ms) {
const end = Date.now() + ms
while (Date.now() < end) {}
return Date.now()
}

// polyfill layer for Worker.Prompt
function prompt(msg) {
const sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(1024)
const int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
Atomics.store(int32, 0, Status.READY)
postMessage({
sharedArrayBuffer: sab,
func: 'prompt',
msg: msg,
})

// Waiting
Atomics.wait(int32, 0, Status.READY)

// Waiting complete, get the result
const ab = new ArrayBuffer(sab.byteLength)
const view = new Uint8Array(ab)
view.set(new Uint8Array(sab))
const decoder = new TextDecoder()
const string = decoder.decode(view)
console.log('WORKER recieved result:', string)
}

const window = {
get innerWidth() {
const sab = new SharedArrayBuffer(4)
const int32 = new Int32Array(sab)
Atomics.store(int32, 0, Status.READY)
postMessage({
sharedArrayBuffer: sab,
func: 'windowInnerWidth',
})
Atomics.wait(int32, 0, Status.READY)
const innerWidth = Atomics.load(int32, 0)
return innerWidth
},
}

// Therefore we can...

sleep(5000)

prompt('hello!')

sleep(2000)

console.log('worker thread:', window.innerWidth)

console.log('this should go after printing worker window.innerWidth (sync access)')

// This all happens synchronously in multi-thread.